Sport & Exercise Psychology – Stress, Coping and Emotion; Physical Self
Dr. Crocker’s research focuses on the area of human adaptation in sport and exercise. His primary area of research investigates stress, coping, and emotion processes in adolescent and high performance athletes (Funded by SSHRC). This research is attempting to determine how athletes cope with various stressors and the role of relatively stable personality factors. Present work is examining how aspects of perfectionism influence how athletes appraise and cope with competition stress and the subsequent impact on goal achievement and emotion. Ongoing work in the laboratory by graduate students is examining how self-compassion might be used a coping resource, the role of passion in the coping process in relation to goal achievement and burn-out, the link between exercise / physical activity and types of well-being, examining the transition process for athletes selected or deselected from teams, and predicting self-conscious emotions related to the body. We are also interested in issues around perceptions of physical self and body image concerns in motivation and emotion.
Selected Publications since 2005
Crocker, P.R.E., Brune, S.M., Kowalski, K.C., Mack, D.E., Wilson, P,M., & Sabiston, C.M. (2014). Body-related state shame and guilt in women: Do causal attributions mediate the influence of physical self-concept and shame and guilt proneness. Body Image: An International Journal of Research, 11, 19–26
Gunnell, K. E., Crocker, P. R. E., Mack, D. E., Wilson, P. M., & Zumbo, B. D. (2014). Goal contents, motivation, psychological need satisfaction, well-being and physical activity over 6-months: A test of Self-Determination Theory. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15, 19-29.
Schellenberg, B. J., Bailis, D. S., & Crocker, P. R. E. (accepted June 28, 2013)). Passionate hockey fans: Appraisals of, coping with, and attention paid to the 2012-2013 National Hockey League lockout. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 842-846
Tamminen, K.A. & Crocker, P.R.E. (2013). “I control my own emotions for the sake of the team”: Emotional self-regulation and interpersonal emotion regulation among female high-performance curlers. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 14, 737-747 DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.05.002
Mosewich, A.D., Crocker, P.R.E., Kowalski, K.C. & DeLongis, A. (2013). Applying self-compassion in sport: An intervention with women athletes. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 35, 514-524
Mosewich, A.D., Kowalski, K.C., & Crocker, P.R.E. (2013). Managing injury and other setbacks in sport: Experiences of (and resources for) high performance women athletes. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise & Health. (available on-line Feb 2013) DOI:10.1080/2159676X.2013.766810
Schellenberg, B., Gaudreau, P., & Crocker, P.R.E. (2013). Passion and Coping: Relationships with Changes in Burnout and Goal Attainment in Collegiate Volleyball Players. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 35, 270 – 280
Gunnell, K. E., Crocker, P. R. E., Wilson, P. M., Mack, D. E., & Zumbo, B. D. (2013). Psychological need satisfaction and thwarting: A test of Basic Psychological Needs Theory in physical activity contexts. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 599-607. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.03.007.
Bennett, E., Hurd Clark, L., McEwen, C., & Crocker, P.R.E. (2013). It’s all about modifying your expectations’: Women’s experiences with physical activity during pregnancy. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise & Health, 5, 267-286. Doi. 10.1080/2159676X.2013.766812
McDonough, M., Hadd, V., Crocker, P.R.E., Holt, N.L., Tamminen, K.A., & Schonert-Reichl, K. (2013). Stress and Coping Among Adolescents Across a Competitive Swim Season. The Sport Psychologist, 27, 143-155.
Tamminen, K.A., Holt, N. L., & Crocker, P. R. E. (2012). Adolescent athletes: Psychosocial challenges and clinical concerns. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 25. 4, 293-300 doi: 10.1097/YCO.0b013e3283541248
Geh, C.L.M, Beauchamp, M.R., Crocker, P.R.E. & Carpenter, M.G. (2011). Assessed and Distressed: White-coat Effects on Clinical Balance Performance. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 70, 45-51.
Brunet, J., McDonough, M., Hadd, V., Crocker, P. R. E., & Sabiston, C. M. (2010).The Posttraumatic Growth Inventory: An Examination of the Factor Structure and Invariance among Breast Cancer Survivors. Psycho-Oncology. 19, 830-838
Sabiston, C. M., Brunet, J., Kowalski, K. C., Wilson, P., Mack, D. E. & Crocker, P. R. E. (2010). The role of body-related self-conscious emotions in motivating women’s physical activity. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 32, 417-437.
Hadd,V., Sabiston,C.M., McDonough,M.H., Crocker, P.R.E. Sources of Stress for Breast Cancer Survivors involved in Dragon Boating: Examining Associations with Treatment Characteristics and Self-esteem. Journal of Women’s Health, 19, 1345-1353.
Hoar, S.D., Crocker, P.R.E., Holt, N.L., & Tamminen, K.A. (2010). Gender Differences in Adolescent Athletes’ Coping with Interpersonal Stressors in Sport: More Similarities than Differences? Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 22, 134-149
Sabiston, C. M., McDonough, M. H., Sedgwick, W. A., Crocker, P. R. E. (2009). Muscle gains and emotional strains: Conflicting experiences of change among overweight women participating in an exercise intervention program. Qualitative Health Research, 19, 466-480.
McDonough, M.H., Sabiston, C.M., & Crocker, P.R.E. (2008). A Qualitative Examination of Psychosocial Changes among Breast Cancer Survivors in their First Season of Dragon Boating. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 20, 1-16.
Sabiston, C.M., & Crocker, P.R.E. (2008). Examining an integrative model of physical activity and healthy eating self-perceptions and behaviors among adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 42, 64-72.
McHugh, T.-L.F., Kowalski, K. C., Mack, D. E., Crocker, P.R.E., Junkin, S. E., Lejbak, L. K., & Martin, S. (2008). Young women’s experiences of social physique anxiety. Feminism & Psychology, 18, 231-252.
Sabiston, C.M., & Crocker P.R.E. (2008). Exploring self-perceptions and social influences as correlates of adolescent leisure-time physical activity. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 30, 3-22.
Hadd, V. & Crocker, P.R.E. (2007). The effect of stress-related factors on post-performance affects in competitive adolescent swimmers. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 5, 142-157.
Mack, D.E., Strong, H., Kowalski, K.C.,& Crocker, P.R.E. (2007). Does Friendship Matter? An Examination of Social Physique Anxiety in Adolescence. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 37, 1248-1264.
McDonough, M.H., & Crocker, P.R.E. (2007). Testing self-determined motivation as a mediator of the relationship between psychological needs and affective and behavioral outcomes.Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 29, 645-663.
Sabiston, C.M., McDonough, M.H., & Crocker, P.R.E. (2007) Psycho-social experiences of breast cancer survivors involved in a dragon boat program: exploring links to positive psychological growth. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 29, 419-438.
Sabiston, C.M., W.A. Sedgwick, W.A., Crocker, P.R.E., Kowalski, K.C. & Mack, D.E. (2007). Social physique anxiety in adolescence: an exploration of influences, coping strategies, and health behaviours. Journal of Adolescent Research, 22, 78-101.
Kowalski, K.C., Mack, D.E., Crocker, P.R.E., Niefer C.B., & Fleming, T.L. (2006).Coping with social physique anxiety in adolescence. Journal of Adolescent Health (Vol. 39, Issue 2, Online Pages 275.e9-275.e16).
Crocker, P.R.E., Sabiston, C.M., Kowalski, N., Kowalski, K.C., & McDonough, M.H. (2006). Longitudinal assessment of the relationship between physical self-concept and health related behaviour and emotion in adolescent girls. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 18, 185-200.
McDonough, M.H., & Crocker, P.R.E. (2005). Sport participation motivation in young adolescent girls: The role of friendship quality and self-concept. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 76, 456-467