6048221626
Professor

Office
War Memorial Gymnasium Room 218
6081 University Boulevard
Education
University of Waterloo, Waterloo, 1984, B.Sc.
University of Western Ontario, London, 1992, B.Sc., Physiotherapy
University of Waterloo, Waterloo, 1986, M.Sc.
University, Kingston, 1991, Ph. D.
Courses Taught
KIN 389 Neuromuscular Integration of Human Movement

The Neurophysiological and functional neuroanatomical processes involved in the sensory and motor control of movement, posture and balance in the human, peripheral and central sensorimotor structures, and neurological diseases that effect human movement and balance control will be discussed. Pre-requisite: HKIN 190

HKIN 573 Neurophysiology of Human Movement

An examination of the neurophysiological and functional neuroanatomical processes involved in the sensory and motor control of movement, posture and balance. Clinical examples of neurological diseases that effect human movement control may also be incorporated. Emphasis is placed n a critical analysis of the current literature

KIN 489c Human Functional Musculoskeletal Anatomy

This Tutorial/Laboratory-based course will provide students with detailed knowledge of the body’s musculoskeletal structures underlying human movement. Students will also be provided with detailed knowledge of the neural innervations to these musculoskeletal structures in order to comprehensively understand the organization of movement control. Emphasis will be placed on appendicular and axial functional anatomy, with practical skills in surface anatomy and physical and neurological examination. Pre-requisite: HKIN 190


Research Interests

Specialization

Exercise Science – Neurophysiology, Biomechanics, Stance and Balance Control, Human Microneurography, Physical therapy and Rehabilitation, Vestibular System

Research

The task of maintaining upright stance in the human involves a complex control system that can use and integrate the bounty of sensory information that surrounds us. The long term goal of my basic research program is to better understand the fundamental role played by sensory information in the control of standing balance and movement in humans. To investigate this focus, we have developed two areas of research concentration in the School of Human Kinetics at the University of British Columbia. In the Human Neurophysiology laboratory, I use a special research technique, termed microneurography, to record the somatosensory neural activity of conscious human subjects. Currently, there are only 8-10 single-unit microneurography laboratories worldwide that use this technique to investigate sensorimotor research issues. We also use h-reflex and single wire electromyography in many of these studies. In the second research concentration area we are studying how standing balance and locomotion can be affected by manipulating the sensory inputs. In particular, we use another novel research technique, termed galvanic vestibular stimulation, to artificially alter the human vestibular system (inner ear balancing system). Research in the Human Neurophysiology laboratory at UBC is funded by equipment (RTI), and operating (Discovery) grants and a recent Discovery Accelerator Supplement grant provided by NSERC.

Research Affiliations:

Publications

Scholarly Articles – Peer Reviwed Publications: (Since 2002)

A.N. Carlsen, Chua, R., J. T. Inglis, D.J. Sanderson, and I.M. Franks. Differential effects of startle on reaction time for finger and arm movements? J. Neurophysiology in press

Greg Lee Son, Jean-Sébastien Blouin, and J. Timothy Inglis. Assessing the modulations in vestibulospinal sensitivity during quiet standing using galvanic vestibular stimulation. J. Applied Physiology, (2008) 105:1210-1217

A.N. Carlsen, Chua, R., J. T. Inglis, D.J. Sanderson, and I.M. Motor preparation in an anticipation-timing task Exp. Brain Res, (2008) 190: 453-461.

Gunter P. Siegmund ,Jean-Sébastien Blouin, Mark G. Carpenter, John R. Brault and J. Timothy Inglis. Are cervical multifidus muscles active during whiplash and startle? An initial experimental study. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders (2008) 9 (1) :80.

A.N. Carlsen, Chua, R., Chris J. Dakin, D.J. Sanderson, J. T. Inglis and I.M. Franks. Startle reveals an absence of advance motor programming in a Go / No-go task Neuroscience Letters, (2008) 434: 61-65.

Gunter P. Siegmund ,Jean-Sébastien Blouin, and J. Timothy Inglis. Does startle explain the exaggerated first response to a transient perturbation. Exercise & Sport Sciences Reviews. (2008) Vol. 36 (2) 76-82.

Jean-Sébastien Blouin, Gunter P. Siegmund, Mark G. Carpenter, and J. Timothy Inglis. Neural control of neck muscles. J. Neurophysiology.(2007) 98: 920-928.

Chris J. Dakin, Gregory M. Lee Son, J. Timothy Inglis, and Jean-Sébastien Blouin. Frequency response of human vestibular reflexes characterized by stochastic stimuli. J. Physiology (2007) 583.3:1117-1127.

Brad J. McFadyen, Laurent Bouyer, Leah R. Bent and J. Timothy Inglis. Visual-Vestibular influences on locomotor adjustments for stepping over an obstacle. Exp. Brain Res. (2007) 179:235-243.

Jean-Sébastien Blouin, Gunter P. Siegmund and J. Timothy Inglis. Contribution of the acoustic startle response to the neck postural responses elicited by whole-body forward perturbations.  J. Applied Physiol. (2007) 102:1574-1586.

Pierre-Michel Brenier, Romeo Chua, J. Timothy Inglis and Ian M. Franks. Sensorimotor adaptation in response to proprioceptive bias. Exp. Brain Res.  (2007) 177:147-156.

Natalie Vanicek, David J. Sanderson, Romeo Chua, Dave Kenyon and J. Timothy Inglis. Kinematic adaptations to a novel walking task with a prosthetic simulator. J. Prosthetics & Orthotics (2007) 19:29-35.

Gunter P. Siegmund, Jean-Sebastien Blouin, John R. Brault, Sofia Hedenstierna and J. Timothy Inglis. Electromyography of superficial and deep neck muscles during isometric, voluntary and reflex contractions. Journal of Biomedical Engineering  (2007) 129: 66-77.

Tamika L. Heiden, David J. Sanderson, J. Timothy Inglis and Gunter P. Siegmund. Adaptations to normal human gait on potentially slippery surfaces: the effects of awareness and prior slip experience. Gait and Posture  (2006) 24: 237-246.

Sarah-Jane C. Lusina, Paul M. Kennedy, J. Timothy Inglis, Donald C. McKenzie, Najib T. Ayas and A. William Sheel. Long term intermittent hypoxia increases sympathetic activity and chemosensitivity during acute hypoxia in humans. J. Physiology  (2006) 575 (3): 961-970.

Gunter P. Siegmund, Tamika L. Heiden, David J. Sanderson, J. Timothy Inglis and John Brault. The effect of subject awareness and prior experience on tribometer-based predictions of slip probability.Gait and Posture (2006) 24:110-119.

Jean-Sébastien Blouin, J. Timothy Inglis and Gunter P. Siegmund. Bilaterally synchronous electromyographic activity indicative of a startle response elicited by a whiplash-like perturbation: a possible link to injury? J. Physiology. (2006) 573 (3) 857-867.

Jean-Sebastien Blouin,J. Timothy Inglis and  Gunter P. Siegmund. Auditory startle alters the response of human subjects exposed to a single whiplash-like perturbation. Spine (2006) 31(2): 146-134.

Leah R. Bent, Bradford J. McFadyen and J. Timothy Inglis. Vestibular contributions during dynamic locomotor tasks. Exercise & Sport Sciences Reviews, (2005) Vol. 33, (3) 107-113.

A. William Sheel, Andrei V. Krassioukov, J. Timothy Inglis and Stacy L. Elliot.  Autonomic Dysreflexia during sperm retrieval in spinal cord injury – influence of lesion level and sildenafil citrate. J. Applied Physiology (2005) 99: 53-58.

Cari Wells, Lawrence R.Ward, Romeo Chua and J. Timothy Inglis. Noise increases vibrotactile sensitivity in old and young adults Psychological Sciences.  (2005) 16:4, 313-320.

Daniel S. Marigold, Janice J. Eng, Andrew S. Dawson, J. Timothy Inglis, Jocelyn E. Harris and Sif Gylfadottir. Exercise Leads to Faster Postural Reflexes, improved balance and mobility, and reduced falls in older persons with Chronic Stroke. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, (2005) 53,416-423.

Daniel S. Marigold, Janice J. Eng and J. Timothy Inglis. Impaired load dependent modulation of postural reflexes contributes to falls in stroke. Clinical Neurophysiol.  (2004) 115: 2789-2797.

Michael A. Hunt, David J.Sanderson, Helene Moffet, J. Timothy Inglis. Relative contributions from ACL-injured and non-injured limbs to total power output during stationary cycling. Arch Physical Med. Rehab. (2004) 85: 1475-1478.

Gunter P. Siegmund, David J. Sanderson and J. Timothy Inglis. Gradation of neck muscle responses and head/neck kinematics to acceleration and speed change in rear-end collisions. Stapp Car Crash Journal (2004) 48: 419-430.

A.N. Carlsen, Chua, R., J. T. Inglis, D.J. Sanderson, and I.M. Franks. Can prepared movements be stored subcortically? Exp Brain Res, (2004) 159: 301-309.

Paul M. Kennedy, Andrew Cresswell, Romeo Chua, J. Timothy Inglis. Vestibulospinal influences on lower limb motorneurons. Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology,  (2004) 82:675-681.

Leah R. Bent, J. Timothy Inglis and Bradford J. McFadyen.When is vestibular information important during walking? J. Neurophysiology, (2004) 92:1269-1275.

Paul M. Kennedy, Andrew Cresswell, Romeo Chua, J. Timothy Inglis. Galvanic vestibular stimulation alters the onset of gastrocnemius motor units. Muscle and Nerve (2004) 30: 188-194.

Leah R. Bent,  Bradford J. McFadyen and J. Timothy Inglis. Is vestibular information phase dependent during the initiation of Gait? Exp. Brain Res (2004) 157:407-416.

Anthony N. Carlsen, Romeo Chua, J.Timothy Inglis, David J. Sanderson and Ian M. Franks. Prepared movements are elicited early by startle. J. Motor Behaviour (2004) 36, 3: 253-264.

Craig D. Tokuno, David J.Sanderson, J. Timothy Inglis, and Romeo Chua. Postural and movement adaptations by individuals with a unilateral below-knee amputation during gait initiation. Gait & Posture, (2003) 18:158-169.

Paul M. Kennedy, Anthony N. Carlsen, J. Timothy Inglis, Rudy Chow, Ian M. Franks, and Romeo Chua. Relative contributions of visual and vestibular information in the control of human locomotion on the trajectory of human gait. Exp. Brain Res. (2003) 153 (1):113-117.

A.N. Carlsen, Chua, R., J. T. Inglis, D.J. Sanderson, and I.M. Franks. Startle response is dishabituated during a reaction time task. Exp. Brain Res. (2003) 152(4):510-518.

Cari Wells, Lawrence R.Ward, Romeo Chua and J. Timothy Inglis. Regional variation and changes with Ageing in vibrotactile sensitivity in the human foot-sole. J. Gerontol: Biol. Sci., (2003) 58(8), 680-686.

Anthony P. Scinicarello,  J. Timothy Inglis and J. J. Collins. The effects of monopolar, stochastic vestibular stimulation on human postural sway. J. Vestibular Res, (2003) 12(2/3) 77-85.

Michael A. Hunt, David J. Sanderson, Helene Moffet, and J.Timothy Inglis. Biomechanical changes elicited by an anterior cruciate ligament deficiency during steady state cyclling. Clinical Biomechanics (2003) 18(5): 393-400.

Anthony N. Carlsen, Micheal A. Hunt, J.Timothy Inglis, David J. Sanderson and Romeo Chua. Altered triggering of a prepared movement by a startling stimulus. J. Neurophysiology (2003) 89:1857-1863.

G.P. Siegmund , D.J. Sanderson, B. S. Myers, and J. T. Inglis. Awareness affects the neck muscle and kinematic responses of human subjects exposed to a single whiplash-like perturbation. Spine, (2003) 28(7): 671-679.

Gunter P. Siegmund , David J. Sanderson, Barry S. Myers, J. Timothy Inglis. Rapid neck muscle alters the head kinematics of aware and unaware subjects undergoing multiple whiplash-like perturnbations. J. Biomechanics, (2003) 36 (4) 473-482.

Paul M. Kennedy and J. Timothy Inglis. Interaction effects of galvanic vestibular stimulation and head position on the soleus H reflex in humans. Clinical Neurophysiology, (2002) 113(11):1709-1714.

Leah R. Bent, Bradford J. McFadyen and J. Timothy Inglis. The role of vestibular information on step initiation: Visual and Vestibular interactions. Exp. Brain Res. (2002) 146: 490-500.

J. T. Inglis, P. M. Kennedy, C. Wells, R. Chua. The role of cutaneous receptors in the foot.  Adv. Exp. Med. Biol, (2002) 508:111-117.

G.P. Siegmund , D.J. Sanderson, J. T. Inglis. The influence of perturbation amplitude awareness on the reflex neck muscle response of seated subjects. Exp. Brain Res, (2002)144:314-321.

Paul J. Cordo, Carmen Flores-Vieira, Sabine M.P. Verschueren, J. Timothy Inglis and Victor Gurfinkel. Static position sensitivity of human muscle spindles: single afferent and population respresentations. J. Neurophysiology,  (2002) 87: 1186-1195.

Leah R. Bent, J. Timothy Inglis and Bradford J. McFadyen. The effects of galvanic vestibular stimulation on step initiation. Exp. Brain Res., (2002) 143: 100-105.

P.M. Kennedy and J.Timothy Inglis. Distribution and behaviour of glabrous cutaneous receptors in the human foot sole. J. Physiology, (2002) 538.3:995-1002.

Conference Abstracts: (Since 2002)

J. T. Inglis. Starting Observations about Whiplash.  American Physical Therapy Association Combined Sections meeting, Nashville, Tennessee, U.S.A., Feb. 7-9, 2008.

C.J. Dakin, D. Nichol, G.Lee Son, B. Elliott, J. Inglis and J. S. Blouin. Auditory stimuli elicit lower limb electromyographic responses in habituated humans. Soc. For Neurosci. Abstr 33:2007.

M. G. Roskell, C.J. Dakin, B.J. McFadyen, R. Chua, J. S. Blouin and J.T. Inglis. Vestibulomotor reflexes evoked by stochastic vestibular stimulation in walking humans. Soc. For Neurosci. Abstr 33:2007.

A.N. Carlsen, Chua, R., J. T. Inglis, D.J. Sanderson, and I.M. Franks. Movements controlled through corticospinal connections are not elicited early by startle. Presented at: Canadian Society for Psychomotor Learning and Sport Psychology Conference, Windsor, Ontario, 2007.

Christopher J. Dakin, Gregory M. Lee Son, J. Timothy Inglis, Jean-Sebastien Blouin (2007) Random Vestibular stimulation evokes distinct temporal frequency responses in lower limb muscles. IBRO Satellite meeting, Motor Control at the Top of the World, Darwin, Australia, 2007.

G.P. Siegmund, J.S. Blouin, M.G. Carpenter, J.R. Brault, J. T. Inglis (2006). Cervical multifidus muscle activity during whiplash and startle responses. Presented at the 34th International Workshop on Human Subjects for Biomechanical Research, Dearborn, MI, November 5, 2006.

G. Lee Son, J. S. Blouin, M.G. Carpenter and J. Inglis. Investigating vestibular connectivity to soleus motor units during quiet standing in humans. Soc. For Neurosci. Abstr 32:2006.

J. S. Blouin, J.T. Inglis, M.G. Carpenter and G.P. Siegmund. Role and neural control of the neck muscles during multidirectional isometric contractions. Soc. For Neurosci. Abstr 32:2006.

G. P. Siegmund, J.S. Blouin, J. R. Brault, M.G. Carpenter and J. T. Inglis. Cervical multifidus muscles respond to whiplash perturbations and acoustic startle. Soc. For Neurosci. Abstr 32: 2006.

Gunter P. Siegmund, Jean-Sebastien Blouin, John R. Brault, Sofia Hedenstierna and J. Timothy Inglis. Superficial and deep neck muscle activity during isometric, voluntary and reflex contractions. World Congress on Biomechanics, Munich, summer 2006.

Lusina S. J. C., P. M. Kennedy, J. T. Inglis, D. C. McKenzie, N. T. Ayas and A. W. Sheel.  The effect of 10 days of intermittent hypoxia on muscle sympathetic nerve activity and the hypoxic ventilatory response.  Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology. 30(supplement):S50, 2005

P.M. Kennedy, J. Timothy Inglis, E.K. Cressman, A.N. Carlsen, C.J. Dakin and R.Chua. Staying between the lines: examining the effects associated with galvanic stimulation when participants walk along a constrained path. SCAPPS, Oct 2005.

A.N. Carlsen, Chua, R., J.J. Summers, J. T. Inglis, D.J. Sanderson, and I.M. Franks. Do precues enable partial response preparation? Presented at  NASPSPA 2005, St. Petersberg, FL (poster presentation) . Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 275, S53.

G. Lee Son, J. S. Blouin and J. T. Inglis. Assessing the modulations in vestibulospinal sensitivity during quiet standing using galvanic vestibular stimulation. Soc. For Neurosci. Abstr 31:2005.

J. S. Blouin, J.T. Inglis and G.P. Siegmund. Auditory Starle alters the response of human subjects exposed to a  single whiplash-like perturbation. Soc. For Neurosci. Abstr 31:2005.

B.J. McFadyen, L. Bouyer, L.R. Bent, and J.T. Inglis. Visual and vestibular influences on foot trajectory control during obstructed walking. Soc. For Neurosci. Abstr 31:2005.

G.P. Siegmund, T.L. Heiden, D.J. Sanderson, and J.T. Inglis. Interlimb transfer of gait adaptations following a slip. Soc. For Neurosci. Abstr 31:2005.

A. W. Sheel, A. V. Krassioukov, J. T. Inglis, S. L. Elliott.  Cardiovascular control during sperm retrieval in spinal cord injury: influence of lesion level and sildenafil citrate.  ASIA poster Dallas, may 2005.

G.P. Siegmund, T.L. Heiden, D.J. Sanderson, J.T. Inglis and J.R. Brault. Subject awareness and prior slip experience affect different aspects of normal human gait. XIX Annual International Occupational Ergonomics and Saftey Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, June 27-29 2005.

T.L. Heiden, D.J. Sanderson, J.T. Inglis and G.P. Siegmund. Experience rather than knowledge, of a slip induces gait adjustments. Soc. For Neurosci. Abstr 30:415.10, 2004.

S. B. Bortolami, J.T. Inglis, S. Castellani, P. Dizio and J.R. Lackner. Monopolar galvanic stimulation during hold and release postural paradigm. Soc. For Neurosci. Abstr 30:306.7, 2004.

J. S. Blouin, G.P. Siegmund and J.T. Inglis. Acoustic startle reverses habituation of the seated neck postural responses. Soc. For Neurosci. Abstr 30:873.17, 2004.

A. Krassioukov,. A. W. Sheel., and J. T. Inglis, S. L. Elliot. Complete injury of the descending autonomic pathways in man undergoing vibrostimulation for sperm retrieval. American Academy of the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, October, 2004.

M.A. Hunt, D.J. Sanderson, H. Moffet and J.T. Inglis. Lower limb asymmetry in individuals with an anterior cruciate ligament deficiency during stationary cycling. To be presented at the 2004 Congress of the Canadian Physiotherapy Association, Quebec City, PQ, May 27-30, 2004.

S. L. Elliot, A. Krassioukov,. A. W. Sheel., and J. T. Inglis   Autonomic dysreflexia during sperm retrieval: what is the clinical relevance of ASIA score and the sympathetic skin responses?  International Campaign for Cures of Spinal Cord Injury Paralysis (ICCP): Spinal Cord Injury Clinical Trials Workshop.  Vancouver, Canada: February 20-21, 2004.

L.R. Bent, J.T. Inglis and G.P. Siegmund. Anticipatory postural adjustments and focal movements are coupled when evoked by startle. Soc. For Neurosci. Abstr.29:70.18, 2003.

P.M. Kennedy, A.N. Carlsen, J.T. Inglis, R. Chow, I.M. Franks and R. Chua. Interactions between visual and vestibular information during gait. Soc. For Neurosci. Abstr.29:494.1, 2003

D.S. Marigold, J.J. Eng, A.S. Dawson, J.T. Inglis, J.E. Harris, S. Gylfadottir.A 10-week exercise program leads to faster standing postural reflexes in persons with stroke. Soc. For Neurosci. Abstr.29:914.12, 2003

L.R. Bent, J.T. Inglis and B.J. McFadyen. Vestibular contributions during walking. Sensorimotor Coordination 2003: Behavioural Modes and Neural Mechanisms. July 2003.

P.M.  Kennedy and J.T. Inglis. I’ve got you under my skin: the role of cutaneous receptors in the foot. Sensorimotor Coordination 2003: Behavioural Modes and Neural Mechanisms. July 2003.

P. Cordo, V. Gurfinkel, J. T. Inglis, S. Verschueren, S. Durrant. Representation of joint position by human muscle spindles. Sensorimotor Coordination 2003: Behavioural Modes and Neural Mechanisms. July 2003.

L.R. Bent, J.T. Inglis and B.J. McFadyen. Is the use of vestibular information regulated differently across the initiation of walking. Australian Society for Neuroscience, Adelaide, Australia. 2003.

L.R. Bent, J.T. Inglis and B.J. McFadyen. When is vestibular information important during walking? International Society for Posture and Gait Research, Sydney, Australia. 2003.

Michael A. Hunt, David J. Sanderson, Helene Moffet, and J.Timothy Inglis. Biomechanical changes elicited by an anterior cruciate ligament deficiency during steady state cyclling. ACSM,in press June 2003

A.N. Carlsen, Chua, R., J. T. Inglis, D.J. Sanderson, and I.M. Franks. Can prepared movements be stored subcortically? Presented at: Canadian Society for Psychomotor Learning and Sport Psychology Conference, Hamilton, Ontario, 2003.

G.P. Siegmund, D.J.Sanderson, and J.T. Inglis. Auditory blink reflex distinct from startle response in orbicularis oculi. Soc. For Neurosci. Abstr.28:2002.

C. Wells, L. Ward, J. Collins. R. Chua and J. T. Inglis. Mechanical noise decreases vibrotactile differential thresholds in young and elderly. Soc. For Neurosci. Abstr.28:2002.

G.P. Siegmund, D.J.Sanderson, and J.T. Inglis. (2002) Reflex Responses Graded to Both Perturbation Acceleration and Velocity. IV World Congress of Biomechanics, Calgary August 4-9.

Tokuno, C., Sanderson, D.J. and Inglis, J.T. (2002). Compensatory Impulse Generation By Individuals With a Unilateral Below-Knee Amputation During Gait Initiation. IV World Congress of Biomechanics, Calgary August 4-9.