Exercise and Sport Psychology Laboratory

footballThe lab is overseen by Dr. Peter R.E. Crocker. Current lab research combines a variety of interrelated areas within the realms of sport, exercise and health psychology. Using quantitative and qualitative methods, researchers are examining important practical and theoretical questions in the following areas: stress, coping and emotion in sport and physical activity; perfectionism and the stress process; motivation for sport and physical activity participation; self-compassion processes in athletes and older adults, physical activity and well-being outcomes; passion in sport; body image and identity, and self-conscious emotions in sport and exercise.

The lab is made up of doctoral and master’s students with related backgrounds, whose members are actively publishing in a variety of academic journals, and regularly presenting at academic conferences.

 

For more information, please email exerciseandsportpsychology@yahoo.com

 

Exercise and Sport Psychology Lab
School of Kinesiology
The University of British Columbia
Room 210, War Memorial Gym
6081 University Boulevard
Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1

Current Lab Personnel

Peter Crocker, PH.D.

Peter CrockerDr. Peter Crocker is a professor in the School of Kinesiology at the University of British Columbia and is an associate member in the Department of Psychology in health Psychology. His research focuses on stress and adaptation, with a particular interest in understanding sport, exercise and health related behaviour. Ongoing research includes investigating stress and coping in university and adolescent athletes, physical self-perceptions and health behaviour, the role of self-conscious emotions in physical activity settings, and perfectionism and the stress process in sport.

Dr Crocker is a two time president of the Canadian Society of Psychomotor Learning and Sport Psychology (SCAPPS) and the section head for sport and exercise psychology in the Canadian Psychological Association (2008-2011). He recognized as a Fellow of the Association of Applied Sport Psychology (2004) and the Canadian Society for Psychomotor Learning and Sport Psychology (2010). Actively involved as a reviewer for several scholarly journals and granting agencies, he is a former editor of The Sport Psychologist (1996-1999) associate editor for the Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology (2008-2013). Dr Crocker has also served as a consultant for athletes in golf, gymnastics, volleyball, basketball, and baseball. He was also a soccer coach for several University and Provincial-select soccer teams.

Dr Crocker was born in New Westminster, B.C. and attended Queen Elizabeth and Sir Richard McBride Elementary Schools and New Westminster Senior Secondary. He competed in the sports of football, basketball, and soccer as a youth. He completed an undergraduate degree in Psychology and a Master’s degree in Kinesiology from Simon Fraser University. His PhD, under the supervision of Dr Rikk Alderman at the University of Alberta, focused on sport psychology and skill learning. He has taught previously at Lakehead University (1986-1990) and the University of Saskatchewan (1990-1999). In his leisure time he struggles with golf and word games on the internet. He lives in Vancouver, B.C. with his wife Linda and has two children, Julisa and Douglas.

Profile | pcrocker@interchange.ubc.ca

Carolyn McEwan, M.Sc.

Carolyn McEwanI am currently a fourth year Ph.D. Candidate. I am in interested in sport transitions and how factors affecting transitions influence athletic and personal development. Currently, I am examining high performance team selection processes by integrating stress and coping paradigms with sport transition models. The first study in my dissertation investigates athletes’ perceptions of the Olympic team selection process, their impact on athletic career, and subsequent career transitions over time. I am presently exploring the relationships between stressors, appraisals, goal engagement, and coping strategies in relation to the selection process for the 2013 Canada Summer Games. I am funded by a 4 year UBC graduate fellowship and UBC Faculty of Education award. I also act as research assistant and I am a sessional instructor for KIN 373 (Research methods).

Erica Bennett, M.A.

Erica BennettI am currently a second year Ph.D. student. I completed my M.A. (2011) in Sport and Exercise Psychology and my B.A. (2008) in Psychology, both at UBC. My research interests are in the areas of aging, body image, identity, and physical activity. As such, my program of study examines older women’s age and body related identity constructions, with a focus on how women perceive, experience, and manage their aging bodies in physical activity settings. I also focus on how these experiences are shaped by societal feminine beauty ideals and ageist notions promoting thinness, youthfulness, and healthism. Additionally, I am interested in the potential that self-compassion may have in the management of age and body related identities. I am funded by a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) scholarship and a Killam Doctoral Scholarship

Louisa Scarlett, BKIN

Louisa ScarlettI am a Masters student in the sport and exercise psychology lab under the supervision of Dr. Peter Crocker. I completed my undergraduate degree in Human Kinetics at UBC in 2008, then spent some time working as a personal trainer before returning to school. I was born and raised in the Vancouver area, and love the active lifestyle of living in the city (especially biking!). I love sports, so there are many aspects of sport psychology that appeal to me. My primary research interests surround body image among female athletes. More specifically, I am interested in examining the impact of sport participation on female body image, and the roles of physicality, muscularity, and femininity on body image satisfaction. I am also interested in the influence of media depictions of female athletes on the body image of female athletes at various levels of sport involvement.

Coralie Riendeau

Coralie RiendeauI am a first year Masters student at UBC working under the supervision of Dr. Peter Crocker. I completed my B.Sc. (2012) in Psychology at McGill University. I am interested in the relationship between coping and perfectionism. More specifically I am interested in the underlying mechanisms that link coping to the dimensions of perfectionism, personal standards and evaluative concerns. I will also look at perfectionistic cognition as a possible mechanism influencing, or being influenced by, athletes’ coping. In addition to research in the field of sport and exercise psychology I am also interested in doing some applied work with athletes.

Sarah Kiengersky

Sarah KiengerskyI am a second year Masters student working under the supervision of Dr. Peter Crocker. I graduated from the University of New Brunswick – Saint John in May 2012 with my Bachelor of Arts degree in sport psychology and sociology. I have always had a strong interest in many different sports and through my own sport participation my interest in the mental performance aspect of sport grew. My Master’s thesis research focuses on how an athlete’s passion for hockey influences their behavioural outcomes in sport, specifically aggressive behaviours. My research explores whether the type of passion (harmoniously or obsessive) an individual has for hockey predicts instrumental and reactive aggressive behaviours in this sport. Potential mediators of this relationship will also be explored including moral disengagement and role salience. I also have an interest in mental performance consulting with athletes. I am currently working in an applied setting with athletes from various sports and hope to continue this work in the future

Danielle Wilson

Danielle WilsonI am a first year Masters student under the Supervision of Dr. Peter Crocker. I attended the University of Guelph as well as Capilano University where I played both soccer and basketball before completing my BA Psychology at Simon Fraser University. I am passionate about sports and the mind-body connection. My hometown is Coquitlam, British Columbia. My research interests are in the areas of imagery, mindfulness and self-compassion as they relate to sport. In addition to conducting research in the field of sport psychology, I am interested in working with athletes in an applied setting.

Former Graduate Students and Post-doctoral Fellows

Katherine Tamminen, Ph.D.

Katherine TamminenAfter completing her Ph.D. in sport psychology at the University of Alberta, Katherine completed two years of post-doctoral studies at UBC. Her research examined emotional self-regulation and coping. One project was a qualitative examination of emotional self-regulation and regulation of others among a high-performance curling team. A second project investigated young athletes’ use of coping strategies, parents’ socialization of coping strategies, and parental pressure. Her present research in investigating emotional regulation and communal coping in athletes. Katherine is presently an assistant professor in the School of Kinesiology at the University of Toronto.

Website

Amber Moswich, PH.D.

Amber MoswichAmber completed her Ph.D. degree in 2013 and is presently a faculty member in Human Movement: Sport and Exercise Psychology, School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia. Her research interests surround understanding self-compassion and coping processes in sport and exercise. She investigated the potential of self-compassion in the management of emotions, as well as the construct’s viability as a useful resource in the promotion of not only successful, but positive and healthy sport experiences. Amber was funded by a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) scholarship and a UBC Faculty of Education Award.

Website

Katie Gunnell, MA

Katie GunnellKatie completed her Ph.D. in 2013 and is presently a post-doctoral fellow at the University of Ottawa. Her research examined the association between physical activity and well-being in various populations. She examined how physical activity was associated with eudaimonic (e.g., realizing human potentials) and hedonic well-being (i.e., pleasure vs. pain). Using a Self-Determination Theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan, 2002) framework, she investigated the role of perceived psychological need satisfaction in exercise contexts and its relation to motivation, physical activity and well-being outcomes. She also has written several papers / chapters on measurement and validity issues in sport psychology research. Katie was funded by a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) scholarship and also through a UBC Faculty of Education entrance scholarship.

Sarah Brune, BKin

Sarah BruneSarah graduated with a MA in 2012. Her research interests included motivation for exercise, self-conscious emotions, health psychology, and physical appearance anxiety/perceptions. Her thesis research involved looking at how physical self-perception and shame and guilt proneness influence the experience of body-related shame and guilt, and in particular the attributions involved in these emotions. Her thesis work was published in Body Image in 2014

Benjamin Schellenberg, BA

Benjamin SchellenbergBen completed his Master’s degree in 2011, having previously graduated from The University of Winnipeg with a bachelor’s degree in Psychology (Honours). His Master’s thesis examined Passion and coping: Relationships with burnout and goal attainment in university volleyball players (published in JSEP in 2013). He was funded by Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC). He is presently completing a PhD in the Department of Psychology at the University of Manitoba.

Valerie Hadd, PH.D.

Valerie HaddValerie (Val) Hadd received her B.A. in Kinesiology from the University of Montreal in 2002, her M.A. in Human Kinetics specializing in sport psychology from The University of British Columbia in 2004, and her PhD in Human Kinetics specializing in exercise and health psychology from The University of British Columbia in 2010. For her Ph.D., she examined the effects of optimism, stressors, stress appraisals, and physical activity on quality of life of breast cancer survivors post-treatment. She is currently a college instructor in the Province of Quebec. Finally, she is actively involved in the swimming world as a master swimmer and a meet manager, and she recently competed in the 2010 FINA World Masters.

Meghan McDonough, PH.D.

Meghan McDonoughDr. Meghan McDonough received her Ph.D. (2006) in Human Kinetics specializing in sport and exercise psychology from UBC. She is now an associate professor in the Department of Health and Kinesiology at Purdue University. Her research focuses on the role that social relationships play in emotional and motivational processes in sport and physical activity. Specifically, she is interested in how social relationships develop in physical activity settings and function to help participants cope with stress, be motivated for activity, and contribute to well-being. Her current projects include a study of the development of social relationships and posttraumatic growth among breast cancer survivors involved in dragon boating, and work examining the role of social relationships in promoting positive psychosocial outcomes for low-income youth involved in sport-based intervention programs.

Website

Catherine Sabiston, PH.D.

Catherine SabistonDr. Catherine Sabiston completed her doctoral studies on the topic of health behaviour motivation during adolescence in 2005. Dr. Sabiston is also pursuing independent research on the interrelations among physical self-perceptions and emotions, social and cultural influences, and health behaviour motivation in various populations. She has many research streams, with primary interests in body related self-conscious emotions and motivated behaviour, as well as post-traumatic growth in breast cancer survivors involved in exercise programs. She is the winner of many prestigious awards including the Early Distinguished Career Award, North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (2012), and Chercheur étoile, Ça mérite d’être reconnu! Conférence des recteurs et des principaux des universités du Québec, Rendez-vous de Savoir (1 of 5 top young researchers in Quebec, 2010). She is presently an associate professor in the School of Kinesiology at the University of Toronto.

Website

Whitney A. Sedgwick, PH.D.

Whitney SedgwickWhitney completed a post-doctoral program at UBC. She is currently a clinical coordinator and a staff psychologist at the University of British Columbia's Counseling Services. Whitney has also worked as a sport psychology consultant for the past 10 years, working with a range of athletic levels and sports, including a year at I.N.S.E.P., the French National Sport Institute, in Paris, France. Whitney has taught sport science and psychology courses at universities throughout North America, including undergraduate and graduate courses at UBC in the School of Human Kinetics. Her research interests include adolescent body image, and the development of expertise, in both athletes and the practitioners who work with them.

Sharleen D. Hoar, PH.D.

Sharleen HoarDr. Sharleen Hoar an adjunct professor of Sport & Exercise Psychology in the Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education at The University of Lethbridge. Sharleen completed her doctoral work under the supervision of Dr. Peter Crocker at UBC in the spring 2003. Her research explores emotional development of children and adolescents through participation in sport and physical activity. Dr. Hoar applies her expertise in the area of mental skills development by working with Canadian athletes of all ages and skill abilities

Carolyn Geh, B.Ed.

Carolyn GehCarolyn Geh received her MA at the University of British Columbia under the supervision of Dr. Peter Crocker and Dr. Mark Carpenter. He Master’s thesis adopted a comprehensive approach to studying the dynamic control of balance and fear of falling. She is also interested in looking at the psychological outcomes of falling itself, such as decreased levels of self-efficacy, and decreased confidence in being able to perform daily activities, altered role perceptions of the individual, and how these fears (and psychological consequences) are an important point for clinical trials of fall prevention in older people.

Clare Cayley, B.Ed.

Clare CayleyClare Cayley received her B.Ed. in Kinesiology from McGill University in 2004 and her MA in Human Kinetics specializing in sport psychology at UBC. Her Masters thesis explored coping and stress in adolescent female team sports with a focus on two areas: (a) How athletes cope with the stress of goal frustration, and (b) how social support from teammates and coaches acts as a moderator in the coping process.

Pasha Bains, MHK

Pasha BainsPasha graduated from his MHK program in 2007. His major paper was on goal achievement theory and its implications for teaching and motivation in youth basketball In 2004, he completed his undergraduate degree in English and Psychology from Simon Fraser University. He is cofounder of Drive Basketball Inc.

Lina Augaitis, MA

Lina AugaitisLina Augaitis completed her Bachelors of Physical and Health Education and Life Sciences degree at Queen’s University (2003) and her Masters (MA) in Human Kinetics with focus on Sport Psychology at the University of British Columbia (2005). Her Master’s research examined predictors of sport commitment in adult triathletes (males and females) using the Sport Commitment Model developed by Scanlan and colleagues (1993). A high performance athlete, in 2013 she was identified as one of the rising stars of the women’s SUP racing scene.

Subha Ramanathan, MA

Subha RamanathanSubha’s Masters thesis explored psychosocial aspects of physical activity participation among female adolescents with Indian heritage and focused on two main areas: (a) how culture and values influence physical activity participation, and b) how parents and peers may influence one’s understanding of culture and values. At UBC she was a co-president of Right to Play, a sport for development organization that reaches out to disadvantaged children and uses play programs to teach health, wellness and leadership skills. She presently is a post-doctoral fellow at University of Toronto

Publications since 2000

Refereed Journal Articles

Tamminen, K.A. & Crocker, P.R.E. (in press). A critical commentary on “Adaptation Processes Affecting Performance in Elite Sport”. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology.

Sutherland, L. M., Kowalski, K. C., Ferguson, L. J., Sabiston, C. M., Sedgwick, W. A., & Crocker, P. R. E. (accepted Jan, 2014). Narratives of young women athletes’ experiences of emotional pain and self-compassion. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health.

Castonguay, A.L, Crocker, P.R.E., Hadd, V., McDonough, M.H., Sabiston, C.M. (accepted 2013). Linking physical self-worth to posttraumatic growth in a sample of physically active breast cancer survivors. Journal of Applied Biobehavioral Research.

Hendry, D.T., Crocker, P.R.E., & Hodges, N.J. (Accepted 2013). Practice and Play as Determinants of Self-Determined Motivation and Skill in Youth Soccer Players. Journal of Sport Sciences

Castonguay, A.L., Sabiston, C.M., Crocker, P.R.E., & Mack, D.E. (accepted Jan 2014). Development and Validation of the Body and Appearance Self-Conscious Emotions Scale (BASES). Body Image: An International Journal of Research.

Fletcher, R.B. & Crocker, P.R.E. (Accepted Jan 2014). A Polytomous Item Response Theory Analysis of Social Physique Anxiety Scale. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science

Crocker. P.R.E., Gaudreau, P., Mosewich, A.M. & Kljajicb, K. (Accepted 2014). Perfectionism and the stress process in intercollegiate athletes: Examining the 2 x 2 model of perfectionism in sport competition. International Journal of Sport Psychology: Special issue on perfectionism in sport

Crocker, P.R.E., Brune, S.M., Kowalski, K.C., Mack, D.E., Wilson, P,M., & Sabiston, C.M. (2014). Body-related state shame and guilt in women: Do causal attributions mediate the influence of physical self-concept and shame and guilt proneness. Body Image: An International Journal of Research, 11, 19–26

Gunnell, K. E., Crocker, P. R. E., Mack, D. E., Wilson, P. M., & Zumbo, B. D. (2014). Goal contents, motivation, psychological need satisfaction, well-being and physical activity over 6-months: A test of Self-Determination Theory. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 15, 19-29.

Schellenberg, B. J., Bailis, D. S., & Crocker, P. R. E. (accepted June 28, 2013)). Passionate hockey fans: Appraisals of, coping with, and attention paid to the 2012-2013 National Hockey League lockout. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 842-846

Tamminen, K.A. & Crocker, P.R.E. (2013). “I control my own emotions for the sake of the team”: Emotional self-regulation and interpersonal emotion regulation among female high-performance curlers. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 14, 737-747 DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.05.002

Mosewich, A.D., Crocker, P.R.E., Kowalski, K.C. & DeLongis, A. (2013). Applying self-compassion in sport: An intervention with women athletes. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 35, 514-524

Mosewich, A.D., Kowalski, K.C., & Crocker, P.R.E. (2013). Managing injury and other setbacks in sport: Experiences of (and resources for) high performance women athletes. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise & Health. (available on-line Feb 2013) DOI:10.1080/2159676X.2013.766810

Schellenberg, B., Gaudreau, P., & Crocker, P.R.E. (2013). Passion and Coping: Relationships with Changes in Burnout and Goal Attainment in Collegiate Volleyball Players. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 35, 270 – 280

Ramanathan, S., & Crocker, P.R.E. (2013). Predictors of physical activity among adolescent youth in India. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 44, 111-127 DOI: 10.7352/IJSP.2013.44.111

Gunnell, K. E., Crocker, P. R. E., Wilson, P. M., Mack, D. E., & Zumbo, B. D. (2013). Psychological need satisfaction and thwarting: A test of Basic Psychological Needs Theory in physical activity contexts. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 599-607. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.03.007.

Bennett, E., Hurd Clark, L., McEwen, C., & Crocker, P.R.E. (2013). It’s all about modifying your expectations’: Women’s experiences with physical activity during pregnancy. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise & Health, 5, 267-286. Doi. 10.1080/2159676X.2013.766812

McDonough, M., Hadd, V., Crocker, P.R.E., Holt, N.L., Tamminen, K.A., & Schonert-Reichl, K. (2013). Stress and Coping Among Adolescents Across a Competitive Swim Season. The Sport Psychologist, 27, 143-155.

Mosewich, A. D., Hadd, V., Crocker, P. R. E., & Zumbo, B. D. (2013). Invariance testing of the SF-36 Health Survey in women breast cancer survivors: Do personal and cancer-related variables influence the meaning of quality of life items? Social Indicators Research, 110, 559-577.

Mack, D. E., Wilson, P. M., Gunnell, K. E., Gilchrist, J. D., Kowalski, K. C., & Crocker, P. R. E. (2012). Health-enhancing physical activity: Associations with markers of well-being. Applied Psychology: Health & Well-being, 4, 127–150

Gunnell, K. E., Wilson, P. M., Zumbo, B. D., Mack, D. E., & Crocker P. R. E. (2012). Psychological need satisfaction in exercise scale: An investigation of measurement invariance. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 16, 219-236.

Tamminen, K.A., Holt, N. L., & Crocker, P. R. E. (2012). Adolescent athletes: Psychosocial challenges and clinical concerns. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 25. 4, 293-300 doi: 10.1097/YCO.0b013e3283541248

Ferguson, L. J., Kowalski, K. C., Mack, D. E., Wilson, P. M., & Crocker, P. R. E. (2012). Women’s health-enhancing physical activity and eudaimonic well-being. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 83 451-463.

Mack, D.E., Wilson, P.M., Oster, K.G., Kowalski, K.C.., Crocker, P.R.E. & Sylvester, B.D. (2011).Well-being in volleyball players: Examining the contributions of independent and balanced psychological need satisfaction. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 12,: 533-539 DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2011.05.006

Mack, D. E., Gunnell, K. E., Wilson, P. M., Gilchrist, J. D., Kowalski, K. C., & Crocker, P.R. E., Ferguson, L. J., & Adachi, J. D. (2011). Physical activity in individuals living with osteopenia: Associations with psychological need satisfaction and motives for well-being. The Shield, Research Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, 6, 26-41.

Geh, C.L.M, Beauchamp, M.R., Crocker, P.R.E. & Carpenter, M.G. (2011). Assessed and Distressed: White-coat Effects on Clinical Balance Performance. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 70, 45-51.

Brunet, J., McDonough, M., Hadd, V., Crocker, P. R. E., & Sabiston, C. M. (2010).The Posttraumatic Growth Inventory: An Examination of the Factor Structure and Invariance among Breast Cancer Survivors. Psycho-Oncology. 19, 830-838

McDonough, M.H., Sabiston, C.M., Sedgwick, W.A., & Crocker, P.R.E. (2010). Changes in intrinsic motivation and physical activity among overweight women in a 12-week dragon boat exercise intervention study. Women in Sport and Physical Activity Journal, 19, 33-46. (Funded by Hampton Grant)

Sabiston, C. M., Rusticus, S., Brunet, J., McDonough, M., Hadd, V., Hubley, A., & Crocker, P. (2010). Does an experience with breast cancer alter the measurement of body image? Testing the invariance of the MBSRQ with healthy women and breast cancer survivors. Quality of Life Research, 19, 1171-1180.

Sabiston, C. M., Brunet, J., Kowalski, K. C., Wilson, P., Mack, D. E. & Crocker, P. R. E. (2010). The role of body-related self-conscious emotions in motivating women’s physical activity. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 32, 417-437.

Hadd,V., Sabiston,C.M., McDonough,M.H., Crocker, P.R.E. Sources of Stress for Breast Cancer Survivors involved in Dragon Boating: Examining Associations with Treatment Characteristics and Self-esteem. Journal of Women’s Health, 19, 1345-1353.

Crocker, P.R.E. & Augaitis, L. (2010). Commitment in Age Class Adult Triathletes: Examining Gender Differences in the Sport Commitment Model. International Journal of Sport Psychology.41, 177-194

Hoar, S.D., Crocker, P.R.E., Holt, N.L., & Tamminen, K.A. (2010). Gender Differences in Adolescent Athletes’ Coping with Interpersonal Stressors in Sport: More Similarities than Differences? Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 22, 134-149

Sabiston, C. M., McDonough, M. H., Sedgwick, W. A., Crocker, P. R. E. (2009). Muscle gains and emotional strains: Conflicting experiences of change among overweight women participating in an exercise intervention program. Qualitative Health Research, 19, 466-480.

Ramanathan, S. & Crocker, P.R.E.. (2009).The Influence of Family and Culture on Physical Activity Among Female Adolescents From the Indian Diaspora. Qualitative Health Research, 19, 492-503.

Reid, G., Vallerand, R.J., Poulin, C., & Crocker, P.R.E. (2009). The Development and Validation of the Pictorial Motivation Scale in Physical Activity. Motivation and Emotion, 33, 161-172.

McDonough, M.H., Sabiston, C.M., & Crocker, P.R.E. (2008). A Qualitative Examination of Psychosocial Changes among Breast Cancer Survivors in their First Season of Dragon Boating. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 20, 1-16.

Kyrejto, J. W., Mosewich, A. D., Kowalski, K. C., Mack, D. E., & Crocker, P. R. E. (2008). Men’s and women’s drive for muscularity: Gender differences and cognitive and behavioural correlates. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 6, 69-84.

Sabiston, C.M., & Crocker, P.R.E. (2008). Examining an integrative model of physical activity and healthy eating self-perceptions and behaviors among adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 42, 64-72.

McHugh, T.-L.F., Kowalski, K. C., Mack, D. E., Crocker, P.R.E., Junkin, S. E., Lejbak, L. K., & Martin, S. (2008). Young women’s experiences of social physique anxiety. Feminism & Psychology, 18, 231-252.

Sabiston, C.M., & Crocker P.R.E. (2008). Exploring self-perceptions and social influences as correlates of adolescent leisure-time physical activity. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 30, 3-22.

Hadd, V. & Crocker, P.R.E. (2007). The effect of stress-related factors on post-performance affects in competitive adolescent swimmers. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 5, 142-157.

Mack, D.E., Strong, H., Kowalski, K.C.,& Crocker, P.R.E. (2007). Does Friendship Matter? An Examination of Social Physique Anxiety in Adolescence. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 37, 1248-1264.

Mack, D.E., Strong, H. Kowalski, K.C., & Crocker. P.R.E.. (2007). Self-presentational motives in eating disordered behavior: A known groups difference approach. Eating Behaviours, 8, 98-105.

McDonough, M.H., & Crocker, P.R.E. (2007). Testing self-determined motivation as a mediator of the relationship between psychological needs and affective and behavioral outcomes. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 29, 645-663.

Sabiston, C.M., McDonough, M.H., & Crocker, P.R.E. (2007) Psycho-social experiences of breast cancer survivors involved in a dragon boat program: exploring links to positive psychological growth. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 29, 419-438.

Sabiston, C.M., W.A. Sedgwick, W.A., Crocker, P.R.E., Kowalski, K.C. & Mack, D.E. (2007). Social physique anxiety in adolescence: an exploration of influences, coping strategies, and health behaviours. Journal of Adolescent Research, 22, 78-101.

Kowalski, K.C., Mack, D.E., Crocker, P.R.E., Niefer C.B., & Fleming, T.L. (2006). Coping with social physique anxiety in adolescence. Journal of Adolescent Health (Vol. 39, Issue 2, Online Pages 275.e9-275.e16).

Crocker, P.R.E., Sabiston, C.M., Kowalski, N., Kowalski, K.C., & McDonough, M.H. (2006). Longitudinal assessment of the relationship between physical self-concept and health related behaviour and emotion in adolescent girls. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 18, 185-200.

Kowalski, K. C., Crocker, P. R. E., Hoar, S. D., & Niefer, C. B. (2005). Adolescents’ control beliefs and coping with stress in sport. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 36, 257-272.

Sabiston, C.M., Munroe, K.J., & Crocker, P.R.E. (2005). Examining current-ideal discrepancy scores and exercise motivations as predictors of social physique anxiety in exercising females. Journal of Sport Behavior, 28. 1-18.

McDonough, M.H., & Crocker, P.R.E. (2005). Sport participation motivation in young adolescent girls: The role of friendship quality and self-concept. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 76, 456-467.

Farrell, R.J., Crocker, P.R.E., McDonough, M.H., & Sedgwick, W.A. (2004). The Driving Force: Motivation in Special Olympians. Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 153-166.

Crocker, P.R.E., Sabiston, C., Forrester, S., Kowalski, N.C. Kowalski, K.C. & McDonough, M. (2003). Predicting change in physical activity, dietary restraint, and physique anxiety in adolescent girls: Examining covariance in physical self-perceptions. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 94, 332-337.

Kowalski, K. C., Crocker, P. R. E., Kowalski, N. P., Chad, K. E., & Humbert, M. L. (2003). Examining the physical self in adolescent girls over time: Further evidence against the hierarchical model. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 25, 5-18.

Campbell, KL, Crocker, PRE, McKenzie DC (2002). Field evaluation of energy expenditure in women using Tritrac accelerometers. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 33, 1667- 1674.

Crocker, P.R.E., Eklund, R.C. & Graham, T. (2002). Evaluating the factorial validity of the CDSII in adolescent sport. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 73, 211-218.

Graham, T.R., Kowalski, K.C., & Crocker, P.R.E. (2002). The contributions of goal characteristics and causal attributions to emotional experience in youth sport participants. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 3, 273-291.

Crocker, P.R.E., Kowalski, N., Kowalski, K.C., Chad, K., Humbert, L., & Forrester, S. (2001). Smoking Behaviour and Dietary Restraint in Young Adolescent Women. The Role of Physical Self-Perceptions. The Canadian Journal of Public Health, 92, 428-432.

McKenna, M., Crocker, P.R.E., Kowalski, K. (2001). Determining movement confidence in a complex gymnastics movement: The role of competence and preferences for movement sensations. AVANTE, 7, 73-82.

MacKelvie, KJ., McKay, HA., Khan, KM. & Crocker, PRE. (2001) A school-based exercise intervention augments bone mineral accrual in early pubertal girls. J. Pediatr, 139: 501-8.

Kowalski, K.C., & Crocker, P.R.E. (2001). The development and validation of the Coping Function Questionnaire for adolescents in sport. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 23, 136-155.

Crocker, P.R.E., Holowochuk, D., & Kowalski, K.C. (2001). Feasibility of using the Tritrac motion sensor over a 7-day trial with older children. Pediatric Exercise Science, 13, 70-81.

Kowalski, N., Crocker. P.R.E, & Kowalski, K.C. (2001). Physical self and physical activity relationships in college women: Does social physique anxiety moderate effects? Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 72, 55-62.

MacKelvie K , McKay HA, Khan KM, Crocker PRE. (2001). Lifestyle risk factors for osteoporosis in Asian and Caucasian girls. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 33:1818-24.

Crocker, P.R.E., Eklund, R., & Kowalski, K.C. (2000). Children’s physical activity and physical self-perceptions and physical activity levels. Journal of Sport Sciences, 18, 383-394.

Crocker, P.R.E. & Synder, J., Kowalski, K.C., & Hoar, S. (2000). Don’t let me be fat or physically incompetent! The relationship between physical self-concept and social physique anxiety in Canadian high performance female adolescent athletes. AVANTE, 6, (3) 1-8.

Book Chapters

Tamminen, K.A., Crocker, P.R.E. & McEwen, C. E.(accepted). Emotional experiences and coping in sport: How to promote positive adaptational outcomes in sport. In R. Gomes (Ed.). Positive human functioning from a multidimensional perspective. Sage publishers

Gunnell, K. E., Schellenberg, B. J. I. Wilson, P. M., Crocker, P. R. E., Mack, D. E., & Zumbo, B. D. (forthcoming). A review of validity evidence presented in the Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology (2002-2012): Misconceptions and recommendations for validation research. In B.

D. Zumbo & K. H. Chan (Eds.). Validity and validation in social, behavioral, and health sciences. Springer Press.

Gunnell, K. E., Wilson, P. M., Zumbo, B. D., Crocker, P. R. E., Mack, D. E., & Schellenberg, B. J. I. (forthcoming). Validity theory in exercise psychology research: An illustration using the behavioral regulation in exercise questionnaire. In B. D. Zumbo & K. H. Chan (Eds.). Validity and validation in social, behavioral, and health sciences. Springer Press.

Crocker, P.R.E., McEwen, C., & Mosewich, A. D. (2013). Physical activity and self-perceptions among adults. In Ekkekakis, P. (Ed.), Handbook of physical activity and mental health. Routledge: London.

Lidor, R., Crocker, P.R.E., Mosewich, A.D.(2012). Measuring coping skills and self-regulation: In G. Tenenbaum, R. Eklund, & Kamata, A. (Eds.). Handbook of Measurement in Sport and Exercise Psychology (pp.393-407). Human Kinetics Publishers.

Crocker, P.R.E., Scott, D., & Gregg, M. (2011). Introduction to sport and exercise psychology. In P.R.E. Crocker (Ed.). Sport & Exercise Psychology: A Canadian Perspective. (pp.3-24). Toronto: Pearson Education.

Sedgwick, W. & Crocker, P.R.E., & Rhodes, R. (2011). Personality in sport and exercise. In P.R.E. Crocker (Ed.). Sport& Exercise Psychology: A Canadian Perspective. (pp. 53-75)Toronto: Pearson Education.

Crocker, P.R.E., Mosewich, A.D., Kowalski, K.C., & Besenski, L.J. (2010). Coping: Research Design and Analysis Issues. In A. R. Nicholls (Ed.), Coping in sport: Theory, methods, and related constructs. (pp.35-52). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers

Crocker, P.R.E., Kowalski, K., & Hadd, V. (2008). The role of self and identity in physical (in)activity. In A. Smith & S.J. Biddle (Ed.). Youth Physical Activity and Inactivity: Challenges and Solutions (pp.215-237). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics

Crocker, P.R.E and Scott, D. (2007). Introduction to sport psychology. In P.R.E. Crocker (Ed.). Sport Psychology: A Canadian Perspective. Toronto: Pearson Education.

Sedgwick, W. and Crocker, P.R.E. (2007). Personality in Sport. In P.R.E. Crocker (Ed.). Sport Psychology: A Canadian Perspective. Toronto: Pearson Education.

Paskevich, D.M. Dorsch, K.D., McDonough, M. & Crocker, P.R.E. (2007). Motivation in Sport. In P.R.E. Crocker (Ed.). Sport Psychology: A Canadian Perspective. Toronto: Pearson Education.

Hoar, S., Kowalski, K., Gaudreau, P., & Crocker, P. R.E. (2006). A review of coping in sport. In Hanton, S., & Mellalieu, S.D. (Eds.), Literature Reviews in Sport Psychology. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science.

Crocker, P., Kowalski, K., Hoar, S, & McDonough, M. (2004) Emotions in sport across adulthood. In M. Weiss (Ed.), Developmental sport and exercise psychology: A lifespan perspective (pp.333-356). Morgan Town WV: Fitness Information Technology.

Crocker, P., Hoar, S., & McDonough, M., Kowalski, K., & Niefer, C.B. (2004). Emotional Experience in Youth Sport. In M. Weiss (Ed.), Developmental sport and exercise psychology: A lifespan perspective (pp.197-222). Morgan Town WV: Fitness Information Technology

Crocker, P.R.E., Kowalski, K.C., Graham, T.R., & Kowalski, N.P. (2002). Emotion in Sport. In J. Silva & D. Stevens (Eds.), Psychological foundations of sport (pp. 107-131). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Crocker, P.R.E., Kowalski, K., & Graham, T.R. (2002). Emotional control intervention for sport. In J. Silva & D. Stevens (Eds.), Psychological foundations of sport (pp. 155-176). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Naylor, S., Burton, D., & Crocker, P.R.E. (2002). Competitive anxiety and sport performance. In J. Silva & D. Stevens (Eds.), Psychological foundations of sport (pp. 132-154). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.