Moss uses a socio-cultural approach in the study of youth, gender (masculinity, in particular), health, and physical culture. He has done extensive research using critical and feminist theories to examine how differently situated people take up and experience health messaging related to body weight, shape and size within the context of the “obesity epidemic”. Recently, his research has shifted into the area of Indigenous masculinities. With this line of inquiry Moss is learning about Indigenous worldviews and he is increasingly incorporating Indigenous methodologies into his research. He also maintains secondary but active research interests in rurality and recreation. Moss is currently the principal investigator on a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) funded project that uses a community-based research design to explore Indigenous masculinities and physical cultures in Fisher River Cree Nation (Manitoba).